TYPHOON Hagibis is rip-roaring towards the south of Japan at incredible speeds.
The super storm is currently category 5, but what does that mean? Read on to find out all we know about super storms, including the most deadly.
Children of the island of Bhola wade through floodwater after the tropical cyclone hit in 1971[/caption]
A category five storm can be deadly[/caption]
Two man attempt to salvage a house in the Philippines following Hagibis[/caption]
How powerful is category five storm, Hurricane Hagibis?
Hagibis has been categorised as a terrifying category 5 storm and is fast approaching Japan.
It has already disrupted the Rugby World Cup, forcing England’s showdown with France to be cancelled.
Typhoon Hagibis was dramatically described as the “most powerful storm in the world” by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in the US.
It’s currently creating staggering 190mph winds, moving northwards over the Pacific Ocean and is due to hit Japan by October 12.
A category five storm is characterised when it hits speeds of over 157 mph.
Officials line up sandbags in Japan ahead of hurricane Hagibis[/caption]
A person looks out at the ravaged coastline of Bhola, Bangladesh following Cyclone Roanu[/caption]
Aftermath of a massive cyclone and tidal wave in Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan) in the 1970s[/caption]
This is according to the Saffir-Simpson scale, which was devised in 1971 by civil engineer Herbert Saffir and meteorologist Robert Simpson.
It was introduced to the public in 1973 as a means of communicating the danger of upcoming storms so that populations could better prepare.
The scale was tweaked in 2009 to remove air pressure and storm surge ranges, transforming it into a pure measurement of wind scale.
It helps to paint a clear picture of the damage to buildings that can be expected from hurricane force winds.
But it does not take account of the potential devastation caused by monsoon downpours or tidal storm surges caused by the low air pressure.
Rubble from a destroyed building on the coast of Bhola in 2016[/caption]
A man protects his head from the sun after being made homeless by the 1970 Bhoa Cyclone[/caption]
Huge waves rage in the wake of Typhoon Hagibis[/caption]
What are the worst superstorms?
The world has experienced some horrific superstorms.
The largest typhoons are called super typhoons, which means a storm that has sustained winds of more than 150 miles per hour.
Tragically, typhoons and cyclones tend to cause more deaths than their hurricane counterparts – especially when they hit an underdeveloped area.
Read on to find out what the top ten deadliest were.