Map reveals where terrorist attacks are most likely to happen

Metro 2 weeks ago
Global terror index - 320% rise in far-right attacks in Europe and US
The Global Terrorism Index reveals the countries most likely to be impacted by terror attacks (Picture: Global Peace Index)

The UK remains in the top 30 countries worldwide at risk from terrorism, the latest Global Terrorism Index has revealed.

Out of 163 nations on the list, Britain is ranked in 28th position based on measurements of the impact of terrorism over the past five years.

The index, compiled by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), provides the most comprehensive resource on global terrorist trends.

It found the number of deaths from terrorism worldwide has halved but the number of countries affected by terrorism is growing.

It also revealed that far-right extremism is on the rise, with a massive 320% surge in far-right terrorism in the West in the last five years.

Thomas Morgan, senior research fellow at the IEP, told Metro.co.uk it would be ‘too strong’ to say that far-right terrorism is now more of a threat than Islamic terrorism but added ‘it is certainly more of a threat’ than in previous years.

He said: ‘Far-right acts of terror are still relatively small, even when looking just at the West. But we have seen a 320% increase over five years including into 2019.

‘We see Brexit as a symptom of the rise in far-right terrorism.

Security measures are in place at Birmingham's Frankfurt Christmas Market - the largest authentic German market outside Germany and Austria. These images show the "rings of steel" protecting Britain's Christmas markets as security is bolstered despite the terror threat level being lowered for the first time in five years. See SWNS story SWMDterror. Large concrete and metal barriers have been erected and pedestrianised areas blocked off to prevent vehicles driving into crowds of festive revellers. Heavy police presences could be seen in Birmingham, Manchester and Edinburgh with cops patrolling the Christmas attractions which opened to the public last week. The extra measures come even after the Joint Terrorism Analysis Centre - part of MI5 - downgraded the UK terror treat level from from "severe" to "substantial" for the first time since 2014. It means a terrorist attack is now "likely" rather than "highly likely".
Anti-terror barriers at Birmingham’s Christmas Market this year (Picture: SWNS)

‘We see across Europe and western countries, including in the US, a rise in political instability, in disenfranchisement and in protesting against traditional political parties.’

In the UK, official figures show that in the year to June 30, 2019, just under 29% of the 266 terrorism arrests made were linked to far-right extremism.

The number of disrupted plots linked to the ideology has also increased, with four stopped so far in 2019 alone.

Globally, GTI found that the number of deaths by terrorist attacks has decreased by 52% since 2014, falling from 33,555 to 15,952.

In 2018 alone, the total number of deaths fell by more than 15%, with researchers pointing to the defeat of Islamic State (Isis) as the cause.

Thomas said: ‘We know that is mainly due to a reduction in conflict in Syria and Iraq. We know 95% of the terrorist acts prior to this year were from countries in conflict.

The IEP has said the threat of terror remains ‘widespread and increasing’, with 71 countries suffering from at least one death, the second highest number since the beginning of the century.

Steve Killelea, Executive Chairman of IEP, said: ‘Conflict and state sponsored terror are the key causes of terrorism.

‘Of the 10 countries most impacted by terrorism, all were involved in at least one violent conflict last year.’

In North America, Western Europe, and Oceania, the threat of far-right political terrorism affected 19 countries in the last five years.

In 2019 alone, 77 deaths have been attributed to far-right terrorism in these regions.

TOPSHOT - Police cordon off activists with placards on a counter-demonstration by the Unite Against Fascism organisation against far-right marches by the English Defence League (EDL) and Britain First in central London on April 1, 2017 following the March 22 terror attack on the British parliament. Members of the Britain First group and the English Defence League rallied in central London in on seperate marches entitled a "March Against Terrorism" and "We Are Not Afriad" following the terror attack on Westminster Bridge and the British Parliament on March 22 which killed four people. The marches were opposed by the Unite Against Fascism organisation who held a static demonstration against the other groups. / AFP PHOTO / Daniel LEAL-OLIVAS (Photo credit should read DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP/Getty Images)
Unite Against Fascism demonstrate against far-right marches by the English Defence League and Britain First in 2017 (Picture: AFP)

Unlike Islamist terrorism, none of the perpetuators claimed to be a member of an organised terrorist group, making it difficult for security organisations to prevent such attacks.

In Europe, the number of deaths from terrorism fell for the second successive year, from over two hundred in 2017 to 62 in 2018.

Only two attacks killed five or more people.

Mr Killelea added: ‘The collapse of Isis in Syria and Iraq was one of the factors allowing Western Europe to record its lowest number of incidents since 2012, with no deaths attributed to the group in 2018.

‘However, the situation still remains volatile, leaving the possibility of further Islamist attacks in Europe.’

Tags: Isis, Iraq, Syria, World

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