Physicists claim to have found NEW force of nature which may unravel one of the universe’s greatest MYSTERIES

RT 2 weeks ago

The universe is governed by four fundamental forces: Gravitational force, Weak Nuclear force, Electromagnetic force and Strong Nuclear force. However, a fifth force has long been rumored to exist, scientists just couldn’t prove it. Until now. Maybe.

A new study by Attila Krasznahorkay and his colleagues from the Institute for Nuclear Research in Hungary reveals that they spotted what they suspected might be a new type of boson in the decay of an isotope of beryllium in 2016.

Beryllium-8 emits light as it decays and, if the light emitted proves strong enough, it fires out both an electron and a positron which repel each other at a predictable angle. Based on our current understanding of physics, and more specifically the law of conservation of energy, as the energy the light increases, the ‘predictable’ angle should decrease. Not so, however. 

The team witnessed an unexpected rise in the number of the two atomic particles separating at an angle of 140 degrees, which didn’t conform to existing models and estimates, potentially indicating the existence of a completely new kind of fundamental boson.

Three of the four known fundamental forces have bosons that guide their attractive and repulsive forces, gravity is theoretically controlled by a hypothetical particle dubbed a ‘graviton’ but scientists have yet to detect and observe it. 

The new boson couldn't be mistaken for one of its existing counterparts as it has a particularly distinctive mass – 17 megaelectronvolts (or roughly 33 times that of an electron). They also don't live very long, lasting just 10 to the minus 14 seconds. 

The team wanted to replicate their theory of a possible fifth force governed by a new boson but shifted focus from beryllium to helium nuclei, in which pairs of electrons and positrons also separated at an angle that didn't align with current modelling (115 degrees). 

By reverse-engineering their observations, the team posit that the helium's nucleus could also have produced a short-lived boson with a mass of roughly, you guessed it, 17 megaelectronvolts – hence its name name X17. 

The latest study is yet to be peer reviewed but the team's previous research was accepted by the journal Physical Review Letters

Once their findings have been thoroughly pored over, we may finally have a solution to the long-standing and often bemusing problem of accounting for dark matter which makes up the vast majority of the universe and is believed to be responsible for some truly baffling behaviour among the stars.

Source link
Read also:
UPI › 5 days ago
The observations and measurements recorded by the Parker Solar Probe are bringing scientists closer to solving some of the sun's greatest mysteries, according to the authors of four new studies.
The Sun › Technology › 2 weeks ago
SCIENTISTS say they may have found a fifth force of nature and moved a step closer to understanding how the universe works. Researchers at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences say they have detected a new particle behaving in ways that cannot be explained...
New York Post › Technology › 2 weeks ago
Scientists say they may have found a fifth force of nature and moved a step closer to understanding the workings of the universe. Researchers at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences say they have detected a new particle behaving in ways that cannot be...
RT › 2 months ago
Black holes could hide cores of pure dark energy which are quite literally pushing apart our universe at its very seams, according to an exciting new cosmological theory based on the work of two Russian physicists. Read Full Article at
Forbes › 1 month ago
For physicists interested in searching for dark matter, lead mined in Roman times has a substantial advantage over modern lead – it was removed from the ground and processed before the modern atomic era.
Chicago Tribune › Entertainment › 1 month ago
John Kapelos — best known as the janitor in “The Breakfast Club” — co-stars in Hallmark Movies & Mysteries franchise “Crossword Mysteries.” I talk with him about his time in Chicago at Second City in the late 70s & early 80s, working on...
UPI › 1 month ago
Using the European Synchrotron, a team of physicists have identified a new stable form of plutonium. The newly discovered compound exists in a solid state and features an unexpected, pentavalent oxidation state.
The New York Times › Technology › 2 months ago
Swiss scientist Michel Mayor, who shared the 2019 Nobel Prize for Physics, said on Wednesday he was concerned about how hard is it for young physicists to make a living from their science work.
The Independent › 2 weeks ago
With appearance of mysterious new particle X17, will physicists have to call time on hunt for dark matter?
Business Insider › Entertainment › 2 months ago
The DC Universe streaming service is inviting fans to pitch original unscripted series. DC Universe announced the project at New York Comic Con on Thursday. The winner's pitch will be produced by creative agency Ideas United and launched on DC Universe...
Sign In

Sign in to follow sources and tags you love, and get personalized stories.

Continue with Google