US Supreme Court Fast Facts

CNN 1 month ago

Here is a look at the Supreme Court of the United States.

Facts:
The US Supreme Court was created in accordance with Article III, section 1 of the Constitution of the United States and by the authority of the Judiciary Act of September 24, 1789.

February 2, 1790 - The first court assembles in New York City.

    Nine justices comprise the US Supreme Court, one chief justice and eight associate justices.

    The number of associate justices may be fixed by Congress and under the authority of the act of June 25, 1948 (28 U.S.C. 1).

    The president of the United States nominates candidates for the Supreme Court. They must be approved by the US Senate.

    The approval process for the chief justice is the same as it is for the associate justices.

    Once approved, all justices serve for life. Congress can remove a justice through impeachment for corrupt behavior or other abuses of office, but this has never happened.

    Chief justices are sworn in by the outgoing chief justices. Associate justices are sworn in by the current chief justice or one of the other associate justices.

    Each justice oversees at least one of the 12 Federal Judicial Circuit Courts.

    September 5, 2005 - President George W. Bush nominates Roberts to be Chief Justice of the United States following the death of Chief Justice William Rehnquist.

    September 29, 2005 - Confirmed by the United States Senate.

    October 3, 2005 - Sworn into office.

    Oversees the District of Columbia Circuit, the Fourth Circuit, and the Federal Circuit.

    Born in Buffalo, New York; attended Harvard University and Harvard Law School; served as judge on the US Court of Appeals for District of Columbia Circuit 2003-2005.

    July 1, 1991 - Nominated to the Supreme Court by President George H.W. Bush to fill the seat of the retiring Thurgood Marshall.

    October 23, 1991 - Sworn into office.

    Oversees the Eleventh Circuit.

    Born in Pin Point, Georgia, near Savannah; attended Holy Cross College and Yale Law School; was Chairman of the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission from 1982-1990; became a judge of the US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in 1990.

    June 14, 1993 - Nominated by President Bill Clinton.

    August 10, 1993 - Sworn into office.

    Oversees the Second Circuit.

    Born in Brooklyn, New York; attended Cornell University, Harvard and Columbia Law Schools; was a professor at Rutgers University School of Law and Columbia Law School from 1963-1980; served as the ACLU's general counsel from 1973-1980; appointed judge of the US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in 1980.

    May 13, 1994 - Nominated by Clinton.

    August 3, 1994 - Sworn into office.

    Oversees the First Circuit.

    Born in San Francisco; attended Stanford University, Oxford University and Harvard Law School; served as Special Prosecutor and Special Counsel to the Senate during Watergate; has held various positions, including professor and lecturer at Harvard Law School from 1967-1994 and professor at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government from 1977-1980; served as a judge of the US Court of Appeals for the First Circuit from 1980-1994.

    October 31, 2005 - Nominated by George W. Bush to replace Sandra Day O'Connor.

    January 31, 2006 - Confirmed by the United States Senate and sworn into office by Chief Justice Roberts.

    Oversees the Third and Fifth Circuits.

    Born in Trenton, New Jersey; attended Princeton University and Yale Law School; named as the US Attorney for the District of New Jersey in 1987; appointed to the US Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit in Newark, New Jersey in 1990.

    May 26, 2009 - Is nominated by President Barack Obama to replace Justice David Souter on the US Supreme Court.

    August 8, 2009 - Sworn into office by Chief Justice Roberts as the first Hispanic Supreme Court Justice.

    Oversees the Tenth and Sixth Circuits.

    Born in New York, New York (Bronx); attended Princeton University and Yale Law School; served as assistant district attorney for New York County in 1979; George H.W. Bush nominated Sotomayor as associate judge at the US District Court, Southern District of New York in 1992; Clinton nominated Sotomayor to the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in 1997.

    May 10, 2010 - Obama nominates Kagan to be a justice on the US Supreme Court.

    August 7, 2010 - Sworn into office by Chief Justice Roberts as the 112th Supreme Court Justice.

    Oversees the Ninth Circuit.

    Born in New York, New York; attended Princeton University, Worcester College at Oxford University and Harvard University; was editor of the Harvard Law Review; clerk for Justice Marshall; associate Counsel to Clinton; first female Dean of Harvard University Law School; Obama named Kagan to be US solicitor general in 2009.

    January 31, 2017 - Gorsuch is nominated by President Donald Trump to replace the late Antonin Scalia on the Supreme Court.

    April 10, 2017 - Sworn into office by Justice Kennedy.

    Oversees the Eighth Circuit.

    Born in Denver, Colorado; attended Columbia University, Harvard Law School and Oxford University; founded a student publication at Columbia called the Federalist Paper; clerk for Justice Anthony Kennedy; George W. Bush nominated him to serve as judge on the US Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit.

    July 9, 2018 - Kavanaugh is nominated by Trump to replace retiring Justice Kennedy on the Supreme Court.

    October 6, 2018 - Sworn into office by Chief Justice Roberts.

      Oversees the Seventh Circuit.

      Born in Washington, DC; attended Yale College and Yale Law School; clerk for Justice Kennedy; associate counsel for Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr's Whitewater Investigation; Bush nominated him to serve as judge on the US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.


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