Canada Border Agency In Toronto Imprisons Arriving Passenger For One Week Over False Drug Detection In Shampoo Bottle

Canada Border Agency In Toronto Imprisons Arriving Passenger For One Week Over False Drug Detection In Shampoo Bottle

A U.S. passenger arriving at Toronto Pearson Airport was in for the shock as he was pulled out for a secondary inspection, where the Border Services Agency (CBSA) performed a quick drug test on his SHAMPOO, which came back positive.

The traveler was then arrested and imprisoned for a week before a more accurate lab test by Health Canada revealed that there were in fact no traces of any narcotic in the belongings of the passenger and he was subsequently released.

This must have been a hugely traumatic experience for the man who recounted deplorable conditions in the jail, including him witnessing multiple stabbings and assaults even within this seven-day stint.

As CTV News reports, the initial test was positive for cocaine when CBSA tested the traveler’s shampoo – crazy!

A 22-year-old U.S. man travelling through Toronto Pearson airport was forced to spend nearly a week locked up in an Ontario prison after authorities mistakenly thought he was hiding cocaine in shampoo bottles.

Yeremy Cuevas Tolentino, an airline worker from Boston, said he is recovering from the traumatic ending to his week-long vacation to Brazil in April.

“I really want justice,” he told CTV News Toronto in an interview.

Since he works for Cape Air, a small aircraft-carrier based out of Massachusetts, Cuevas Tolentino said he often travels on standby and flies unusual routes. Because of this, he often has to book and cancel multiple flights.

He said he booked multiple flights to get back home quicker after his trip, and chose a route from Sao Paulo to Boston that connected through Toronto Pearson International Airport on April 8.

When he got off the plane in Toronto, Cuevas Tolentino said he had to pick up his bags and go through security screening before his connecting flight to Boston.

But when he reached the U.S. Customs line, he was pulled aside for extra questioning. He said he thought at first it was because he had mangos and oranges in his bag, which he had packed for a snack.

As the border services agent asked him more questions, Cuevas Tolentino said he realized it actually had something to do with the number of flights he booked trying to get out of Brazil.

Cuevas Tolentino said he started to get “a little worried” when more customs agents were brought in and they start searching through his phone and belongings.

It was at this point, Cuevas Tolentino said, he was given news that left him shocked.

“They told me I may have some narcotics in my bag … I didn’t know what to do,” he said.

Cuevas Tolentino said he was told he would be handed over to Canadian border officials since he was in Toronto.

And it was the same process all over again, he said. Cuevas Tolentino said Canadian officials went through his bag, papers, and asked him multiple questions.

It was at this point, he was told three shampoo bottles in his bag tested positive for cocaine.

“The guy tested it in front of my face, and he did it twice,” Cuevas Tolentino said.

According to the RCMP’s report of Cuevas Tolentino’s arrest, reviewed by CTV News Toronto, Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) used a Narcotics Identification Kit (NIK) to test his belongings for drugs.

“CBSA officer stated that they swabbed the shampoo bottles, the result initially faded, so CBSA swabbed the bottles again, this time they stayed blue, which indicated a positive test for cocaine,” the report said.

While the CBSA couldn’t comment on Cuevas Tolentino’s case specifically due to the Privacy Act, a spokesperson told CTV News Toronto that a NIK uses a series of tests that are typically conducted two to six times. For cocaine, the border services agency runs a specific cocaine swab, which is “sensitive to trace amounts of residue.”

Up to here, it seems like things were rather odd and a combination of many things lead to things getting a motion for a full search of his person and belongings.

For one, why did he even have fresh fruits in his baggage? This is prohibited by both Canadian and U.S. customs laws, and as an airline employee, he should have known better. That alone can serve as a reason for customs officials to search, not that they need a reason in the first place.

It also depends on how much sense his story makes, and as so often, the attire and attitude of the passenger also play a big role in raising suspicions. From the images, the young man looked like a very casual traveler.

Criminal defence lawyer Alexander Karapancev told CTV News Toronto NIK tests are the first step authorities use to check for illegal drugs, but are not the type the Crown would rely on at a trial. “They need to be submitted for proper analysis. The NIK test doesn’t do that,” he said.

Cuevas Tolentino was arrested for the importation of a controlled substance and was taken to the airport’s holding cells. He was eventually put in contact with duty counsel, fingerprinted, and the RCMP called his family to inform them what happened.

“My uncle was the one to answer the phone, he told me that they just said, ‘Hey, your (nephew) is detained, he has five kilograms of cocaine in his bag, and he’s going to jail,’” Cuevas Tolentino recounted. “Which is not the right thing, you know. My mom was going crazy, as you can imagine any mom would.”


The following day, on April 9, Cuevas Tolentino attended his bail hearing and was remanded to Maplehurst Correctional Complex, a medium and maximum-security facility roughly 40 kilometres away from Toronto Pearson airport.

“They treated us so bad in jail. I saw so many bad things, crazy things that happened there,” he said, adding the prison guards didn’t treat him like he was human, but like an “animal.”

Cuevas Tolentino said he shared his cell with two other inmates, where he alleges they were forced to take turns sharing a bunk since there wasn’t enough space for them to each have their own bed.

Throughout the week, Cuevas Tolentino said someone attempted suicide, an inmate was stabbed, a “gang fight” broke out, and people cried and screamed at all hours of the night.

“I was just so, so, so grateful, because the people I was with, they weren’t trying to hurt me at all. They were actually giving me advice,” he said.

In a statement to CTV News Toronto, the Office of the Solicitor General confirmed Cuevas Tolentino was remanded at the correctional facility from April 9 to 14, but did not provide any further comment.

The hardest part about being put in jail, Cuevas Tolentino says, was staying inside his cell for the entire week without any information on what’s going on or what’s going to happen next.

“The only thing that I was told was that I was going to probably be there for 15 years, 20 years.”

Karapancev told CTV News Toronto this correctional facility is “notorious” for having difficult conditions for inmates, particularly with lockdowns, adding judges are “well aware of the unfortunate conditions.”

“Often times, if they’re under full lockdown, they don’t get to see the outdoors at all,” Karapancev said. “Their ability to shower and have basic hygiene is restricted, because of that, they’re not let out of their cells. They’re overcrowded in their cells with multiple prisoners in them, so they’re really deplorable conditions that a lot of inmates suffer at Maplehurst.”

These conditions of incarceration are absolutely deplorable. Correctional institutions aren’t a luxury hotel but I’d hold the Canadian criminal justice system to a higher standard than what is being described here.

It’s also quite concerning that the suspect is given all kinds of “legal advice” from correctional officers including a projection of a possible prison sentence of 15-20 years. There is no way he’d be sentenced to such a long prison term in Canada even if he was guilty.

But where is his legal counsel and why isn’t he demanding a speedy bail hearing to which the defendant is entitled under Ontario law?


Cuevas Tolentino’s shampoo bottles were sent to Health Canada for drug testing on April 11, according to the RCMP’s report, two days after he was brought to Maplehurst Correctional Complex.

Another two days later, on April 13 at 4:46 p.m., the RCMP received the Certificate of Analyst from Health Canada, which determined “there were no substances within the (Controlled Drugs and Substances Act)” in the shampoo.

According to the police report, officers didn’t arrive at the jail until after 1 p.m. the next day to notify Cuevas Tolentino the charges would be dropped.

Cuevas Tolentino was told he would be released that evening.

“I was happy, I was screaming, ‘Yes, I knew it!’” Cuevas Tolentino said. “It was a beautiful moment.”

A spokesperson for the RCMP’s Ontario Division confirmed to CTV News Toronto that following further investigation, they determined charges against Cuevas Tolentino were not supported.

“All charges against Mr. Cuevas-Tolentino were subsequently dropped.”

Karapancev said it is not unusual for individuals to be remanded while waiting for further drug testing, adding it is a constitutional right under the Criminal Code for a criminal offence to be brought to court within 24 hours to have bail addressed.

Cuevas Tolentino flew back home to Boston on April 15.

“When I got here, everyone was going crazy, you know, my mom especially, my uncle, cousins, everyone in my job, everyone,” he said. “It took a few weeks for me to calm down, and enjoy freedom.”

As of now, Cuevas Tolentino has not acquired legal representation, but said he is looking at what his best option is.

This is completely crazy and unacceptable on so many levels. For one, the traveler is innocent of the charges which he obviously knew. Now, there is always a slight possibility that criminals working at the airport use the baggage of unsuspecting passengers to stuff it with drugs but that wasn’t the case here.

What is missing (in my opinion) is why the young man didn’t push harder for proper legal representation. Was there even a face-to-face meeting with his counsel? At the very least there should have been a bail hearing within 24 hours, that obviously didn’t happen.

Instead, the man languished in that jail for a week, being confronted with rather dangerous situations before a proper lab test concluded that none of his belongings contained any drugs, and charges were dropped, leading to his release.

Yet he still hasn’t been in touch with a lawyer to take legal action against CBSA.


It’s not so much that the agency violated his right during the inspection process but that they are using a highly unreliable “quick set” drug test that detects cocaine in common shampoo is unacceptable. How can CBSA rely on devices that send an innocent person to prison, accused of being a drug smuggler? How many other people experience this very same error?

It’s also unclear from the report why the defendant didn’t receive proper representation and was housed in unsuitable conditions before even being properly arraigned. He should definitely contact an appropriate attorney and file a lawsuit as well as a complaint with the Human Rights Commission in Canada.

Passengers use standby flights daily and yes, Brazil is a high-risk departure point for narcotics trafficking. The young man might have also raised suspicion based on his general profile and the fact that he carried fresh fruits coming in from abroad warranted a search of his belongings but the very least the public should expect from a government agency is that testing methods for illegal substances are reliable to a certain degree. Having shampoo identified as cocaine doesn’t meet that standard.

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